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What are pick and place robots and how do they work?

pick and place robots

WHAT ARE PICK AND PLACE ROBOTS AND HOW DO THEY WORK?

These days, pick and place robots are among the most often automated because of their repetition and ease. But it also means that pick and place robots have a lot of possibilities. 

To select the best pick and put robot for your application, it’s critical to comprehend the several varieties available. You should have all the knowledge you need to choose the right pick and place robot by the time you finish reading this post. 

What do robots that choose and put do?

Put simply, pick and place robots are designed to pick up and transport things from one location to another. High throughput applications, such as those in the food and beverage, packaging, and other sectors.

Types of pick and place robots

There is a wide range of robots used in pick and place applications. few of the more popular ones.

Gantry Robots

 Linear robots that move in three dimensions (X, Y, and Z) are called gantry robots. most other pick and place robots, they can span greater workplaces and have excellent positioning accuracy.

Delta Robots

Parallel robots with three arms joined to a common joint above and below are called delta robots. Compared to other pick and place robots, their speed is their greatest benefit, although at the expense of smaller payloads.

Robotic Arms

Because of their flexibility, 5- and 6-axis robotic arms are the most often used pick and place robots. Their ability to move freely makes them ideal for applications that call for intricate motions. 

Collaborative Robots (Cobots)

Cobots are intended to complement human workers in order to increase their productivity. Pick and place applications usually include AGV-style cobots guiding humans to destinations by taking the best path possible; however, a variety of pick and place applications can also make use of robotic arm-style cobots. 

Why should pick and place robots be used?

There are several advantages to utilizing robots for pick and place tasks rather than hiring people. Among these advantages are:

Efficiency

Robots are intrinsically far more productive than human workers since they can work continuously for longer periods of time without taking breaks and at quicker rates. bigger throughput eventually translates into bigger profitability and a better return on investment.

Dependability

Robots are far more reliable and consistent than humans since they are less prone to making mistakes. Over the course of their service lives, pick and place robots can achieve accuracy of less than one millimeter for every pick. 

pick and place robots

Safety

There is always a chance of harm when human workers are handling goods. It is possible for employees to fall or trip over merchandise, which might result in catastrophic injuries. Robots are a far safer option for pick and place applications since there is no chance of damage or injury.

Return on Investment

Robots provide a quicker return on investment since they can operate faster and more effectively than humans. Therefore, even though robots need a far larger initial investment, they end up being a far more cost-effective choice over time. This is particularly true of the products and services offered by robotnext.vn, an online marketplace for robotics parts and solutions at affordable prices.

Applications for pick and place robots

Pick and place robots have a wide range of applications due to their versatility. See below for further information about a few of the most popular applications.

Sorting

Pick and place robots are used in sorting applications to arrange items according to predetermined criteria, such as size, color, or form. 

Bin Picking

When a robot engages in bin picking, it uses a visual system to help it identify the color, size, and form of a part even when it is mixed in with a variety of other parts. 

Packaging

Pick and place robots can move products to boxes and other containers to be packaged in packaging applications. You could even use a conveyor belt to accomplish this from a specified location.

Inspection

Pick and place robots can visually scan goods and identify any problems, eliminating faulty components from the manufacturing line. This is made possible by an improved vision system.

Assembly

When components of a bigger assembly arrive, pick and place robots are able to grasp them, attach them to other components, and move them to the next assembly stage.

How to choose the right pick and place robot

Selecting the right pick and place robot for your application is crucial because of the wide range of options available. The best robotic solution for a given application will depend on a few important aspects. 

Speed

The necessary pick speed depends on the application’s desired throughput. 

Flexibility

Robots must be able to recognize various product kinds and arrange them appropriately for certain pick and place tasks, such as sorting. Only robotic arms with cutting-edge vision systems can achieve this degree of flexibility. Robots used in simpler applications, such as moving a single product from point A to point B on a regular basis, won’t need to be as flexible.

Payload

When selecting pick and place robots, payload is another crucial consideration. A robot that cannot raise the weight of the goods it must lift will probably wear out quickly and may collapse. The payload has an effect on how quickly selections can be made as well; larger loads take longer to pick.

Repeatability

Repeatability, often known as positional accuracy, is the degree of precision with which a robot can move. A high degree of repeatability is essential for applications where goods must be positioned in extremely exact positions, such as assembly jobs.

Workspace

The size of a robot that may be employed in an application will directly depend on the workspace that is available for a pick and place robot. Gantry robots or cobots, for example, are ideally suited for applications covering very broad spaces.

In summary

Companies of all sizes must use automation wherever it can be implemented in order to stay competitive, as more and more turn to technology as a means of boosting output and earnings. Particularly, pick and place robots have several benefits over human labor and will only grow in popularity over the next few months and years. 

If you are interested in pick and place robots or want to know more about how to improve production efficiency. Please contact Robotnext today for advice and cost support. Details via hotline: 0909 914 837.

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